In fungi, L-rhamnose (Rha) is converted via four enzymatic steps into pyruvate and L-lactaldehyde, which enter central carbon metabolism. In Aspergillus niger, only the genes involved in the first three steps of the Rha catabolic pathway have been identified and characterized, and the inducer of the pathway regulator RhaR remained unknown. In this study, we identified the gene (lkaA) involved in the conversion of L-2-keto-3-deoxyrhamnonate (L-KDR) into pyruvate and L-lactaldehyde, which is the last step of the Rha pathway. Deletion of lkaA resulted in impaired growth on L-rhamnose, and potentially in accumulation of L-KDR. Contrary to DeltalraA, DeltalrlA and DeltalrdA, the expression of the Rha-responsive genes that are under control of RhaR, were at the same levels in DeltalkaA and the reference strain, indicating the role of L-KDR as the inducer of the Rha pathway regulator.