Forest fires generate a large amount of carbon that remains resident on the site as dead and partially ‘pyrolysed’ (i.e. burnt) material that has long residency times and constitutes a significant pool in fire-prone ecosystems. In addition, fire-induced hydrophobic soil layers, caused by condensation of pyrolysed waxes and lipids, increase post-fire erosion and can lead to long-term productivity losses. A small set of pyrophilous fungi dominate post-fire soils and are likely to be involved with the degradation of all these compounds, yet almost nothing is currently known about what these fungi do or the metabolic processes they employ. In this study, we sequenced and analysed genomes from fungi isolated after Rim fire near Yosemite National Park in 2013 and showed the enrichment/expansion of CAZymes and families known to be involved in fruiting body initiation when compared to other basidiomycete fungi. We found gene families potentially involved in the degradation of the hydrophobic layer and pyrolysed organic matter, such as hydrophobic surface binding proteins, laccases (AA1_1), xylanases (GH10, GH11), fatty acid desaturases and tannases. Thus, pyrophilous fungi are important actors to restate the soil’s functional capabilities.