STAR Protocols 3(3) , 101546 ( 2022)
Our recent development of the CRAGE (chassis-independent recombinase-assisted genome engineering) system enables single-step integration of large, complex DNA constructs directly into bacteria genomes across multiple phyla. This protocol describes the details of the experimental design and procedures of CRAGE and extended CRAGE-Duet systems. It also describes a strategy that combines CRISPR with CRAGE, which allows implementation of CRISPR-Cas9, CRISPRa, and CRISPRi in diverse bacteria, overcoming major limitations to broaden the application of CRISPR in non-model bacterial genome engineering. For complete details on the use and execution of this protocol, please refer to Wang et al. (2019), Wang et al. (2020), and Liu et al. (2020).