Content Tagged "archaea"
The [UCSF Institute for Human Genetics 2012] symposium led off with geneticist Eddy Rubin, MD, PhD, whose presentation demonstrated that genetic studies are being applied to human problems that extend even beyond the realm of medicine. Rubin – a scientist who oversaw the sequencing and analysis of 13 percent of the human genome as part of the… [Read More]
To understand the world’s climate, we must understand how the 70% of the Earths surface that is covered with water behaves. Very little is known about the processes below 200m, or the area where photosynthesis is not possible due to the lack of light penetration. Scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute… [Read More]
The oceans cover more than half of the planet’s surface, and as such play an important role in the global carbon cycle, trapping 50 times more carbon than the atmosphere. However, the process by which carbon fixation takes place deep underwater where the sunlight does not penetrate has not yet been fully explained. Through single… [Read More]
a type of Archaea known as Methanosprillum hungatei contains incredibly efficient energy-storage structures. The findings are published in the July 5 issue of the journal Environmental Microbiology. M. hungatei is of considerable environmental significance because of its unique ability to form symbiotic relationships with syntrophic bacteria to break down organic matter and produce methane gas. Yet while their important role in… [Read More]
Such salt-tolerant enzymes, particularly cellulases, offer significant advantages for industrial utility over conventional enzymes, they said. The group plans to expand this research to develop a full complement of enzymes that is tailored for the ionic liquid process technology with the goal of demonstrating a complete biomass-to-sugar process, one they hope can enable the commercial… [Read More]
To understand microbes (Bacterial, Archaeal, Eukaryal and Viral) in terms of whom they are and what they do is the challenge of microbial ecology. The EMP presents a revolution in how this problem is tackled and defines both questions and potential suite of tools to provide answers. Key participants in this unprecedented project include BGI,… [Read More]
In work published in the advanced online version of the International Society for Microbial Ecology (ISME)’s Journal on August 5, an international team of scientists including DOE JGI researchers report the first metagenome analysis of a microbial community grown in an anaerobic methanogenic (methane producing) bioreactor. The microbial community is syntrophic, i.e., certain organisms live… [Read More]