Complete mitochondrial genome sequences are presented from two dipluran hexapods (i.e., a group of “primarily wingless insects”) of the genus Campodea and compared to those of other arthropods. Their gene order is the same as in most other hexapods and crustaceans. Structural changes have occurred in tRNA-C, tRNA-R, tRNA-SI and tRNA-S2 as well as in both ribosomal RNAs. These mtDNAs have striking biases in nucleotide and amino acid composition. Although the two Campodea species are morphologically highly similar, their genetic divergence is larger than expected, suggesting a long evolutionary history, perhaps under stable ecological conditions. Published by Elsevier B.V.