Appl Environ Microbiol (Feb 10 2017)
The aim of this study is to obtain a systems level understanding of the interactions between Dehalococcoides and corrinoid-supplying microorganisms by analyzing community structures and functional compositions, activities and dynamics in trichloroethene (TCE) – dechlorinating enrichments. Metagenomes and metatranscriptomes of the dechlorinating enrichments with and without exogenous cobalamin were compared. Seven putative draft genomes were binned from the metagenomes. At an early stage (2 d), more transcripts of genes in the Veillonellaceae bin-genome were detected in the metatranscriptome of the enrichment with exogenous cobalamin compared to the one without cobalamin addition. Among these genes, sporulation-related genes exhibited the highest differential expression when cobalamin was not added, suggesting a possible release route of corrinoids from corrinoid-producers. Other differentially expressed genes include those involved in energy conservation and nutrient transport (including cobalt transport). The most highly expressed corrinoid de novo biosynthesis pathway was also assigned to the Veillonellaceae bin-genome. Targeted qPCR analyses confirmed higher transcript abundances of those corrinoid biosynthesis genes in the enrichment without exogenous cobalamin. Furthermore, Dehalococcoides’ corrinoid salvaging and modification pathway was upregulated in response to the cobalamin stress. This study provides important insights into the microbial interactions and roles of members of dechlorinating communities under cobalamin-limited conditions.Importance The key chloroethene-dechlorinating bacterium Dehalococcoides mccartyi is cobalamin auxotroph, thus acquires corrinoids from other community members. Therefore, it is important to investigate the microbe-microbe interactions between Dehalococcoides and the corrinoid-providing microorganisms in a community. This study provides systems level information, i.e., taxonomic and functional compositions and dynamics of the supportive microorganisms in dechlorinating communities under different cobalamin conditions. The findings shed light on the important roles of Veillonellaceae species in the communities compared to other co-existing community members in producing and providing corrinoids for Dehalococcoides species under cobalamin-limited condition.