Five strains of Cupriavidus plantarum, a metal-resistant, plant-associated bacterium, were selected for genome sequencing through the Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea (GEBA) Phase IV project at the Joint Genome Institute (JGI) of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The genome of the strains was in the size range of 6.2-6.4 Mbp and encoded 5605-5834 proteins; 16.9-23.7% of these genes could not be assigned to a COG-associated functional category. The G + C content was 65.83-65.99%, and the genomes encoded 59-67 stable RNAs. The strains were resistant in vitro to arsenite, arsenate, cobalt, chromium, copper, nickel and zinc, and their genomes possessed the resistance genes for these metals. The genomes also encoded the biosynthesis of potential antimicrobial compounds, such as terpenes, phosphonates, bacteriocins, betalactones, nonribosomal peptides, phenazine and siderophores, as well as the biosynthesis of cellulose and enzymes such as chitinase and trehalase. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and DNA-DNA in silico hybridization of the genomes confirmed that C. plantarum is a single species. Moreover, the strains cluster within a single group upon multilocus sequence analyses with eight genes and a phylogenomic analyses. Noteworthy, the ability of the species to tolerate high concentrations of different metals might prove useful for bioremediation of naturally contaminated environments.